Gholamhossein Haqqani was born in the holy city of Qom on March 24, 1941 into a religious family. His father, Hojjatol’eslam Sheikh Mohammad Haqqani, was a reputable religious scholar. They moved to Tehran while Gholamhossein was a young boy. He started his modern as well as Islamic education in Tehran and later returned to Qom, where he continued his Islamic studies under great scholars such as Imam Khomeini, Ayatollah Golpayegani and Ayatollah Morteza Haeri Yazdi. He could manage to get Ijtihad which is a very important degree at Hawza. He then joined a group of knowledgeable Hawza teachers who established the “In the True Path (Dar Rah-e-Haq) Institute” to answer the then questioning Islam.
Martyr Haqqani joined the popular Imam Khomeini-led movement against the Shah’s regime by delivering anti-Shah speeches in various cities, including Shiraz, Bandar Abbas and Semnan. He was first arrested by SAVAK (Shah’s intelligence) in Shiraz. The arrest was followed by several more arrests, imprisonments and no-speech sentences. The SAVAK had a 300-page dossier on him.
After the Islamic Revolution, he was appointed by Imam Khomeini to go to the far southern province of Hormozgan in order to recognize and remove the problems of the region. His other positions include: founder-member of the Islamic Propagation Office of Qom, Imam Khomeini’s representative and the chief of the Islamic Court in Sistan & Balouchestan province, Friday Prayer leader of Bandar Abbas, member of the Islamic Republic Party and member of the Iranian parliament. As a member of parliament, Haqqani was representing Bandar Abbas and was the vice-president of both Research and National Defence Committees.
Due to their crimes and dependence on anti-Iran powers, Gholamhossein Haqqani insisted on a strict countering the Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MKO) terrorist group.
He was finally martyred in June 28, 1981, along with more than 70 other Iranian senior officials, as a result of a deadly blast by the MKO in the headquarters of the Islamic Republic Party in Tehran. He was buried in his home town, Qom.