Martyrdom Anniversary of Ayatollah Sadouqi

In July 2, 1982, when he finished the Friday prayer and when he was leaving Mihrab, a Mujahedin-e Khalq-linked suicide bomber killed himself and Ayatollah Sadouqi by pulling the pin of a grenade as he embraced the great Muslim scholar.

Ayatollah Mohammad Sadouqi was born into a clerical family in 1948 in the ancient city of Yazd. Having lost his parents at an early age before he was 9, Sadouqi continued his studies in Yazd and then in Esfahan. In 1970, Sadouqi along with his family members went to Qom and stayed there for about 21 years.

After the death of Ayatollah Abdolkarim Haeri, founder of the hawza of Qom, Ayatollah Sadouqi played an important role in organizing the affairs of the hawza.

In the Qom hawza, Sadouqi was teaching al-Makaseb, al-Rasael, and al-Lomah, three courses of study on the principles of Islamic Jurisprudence (Usul al-Fiqh) in hawza, and at the same time enjoyed the teaching sessions of such great figures as Seyed Hossein Boroujerdi, Seyed Mohammad Taqi Khansari, and Seyed Sadreddin Sadr.

In 1951, he returned to Yazd and upon suggestions by outstanding clerics, he stayed there and started teaching those who were interested in Islamic sciences. He also contributed to reconstruction of some hawzas in those years.

Having returned to Qom in early 1960s, when Imam Khomeini’s (r.a.) movement started, he accompanied Imam and his campaign and played a major role in organizing the clerics and informing the public.

Ayatollah Sadouqi spent most of his time with Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. He did not detach himself from Imam Khomeini, even when Imam was sent into exile to Turkey and then to Najaf Ashraf. During all those years, he was still in touch with Imam Khomeini through letters, and he was wholeheartedly involved with accompanying him in his anti-Shah struggles.

Sadouqi passed on Imam Khomeini’s messages received through phone to other religious scholars in Mashhad, Shiraz, Tabriz and other cities.

Ayatollah Sadouqi’s distinguished services were not confined to Yazd province or Iran, he rendered valuable services abroad. For example, in Lebanon, he helped underprivileged people and those who had sustained injuries.

In July 2, 1982, when he finished the Friday prayer and when he was leaving Mihrab, a Mujahedin-e Khalq-linked suicide bomber killed himself and Ayatollah Sadouqi by pulling the pin of a grenade as he embraced the great Muslim scholar. Ayatollah Mohammad Sadouqi became known as the third martyr of Mihrab (Mihrab is a praying place in Mosque indicating the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca, where the prayer leader stands and leads the others in prayer) among Iranians.


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