Referring to the UN’s support for the one-sided approach of the US towards terrorism, a criminology expert says the political measure is a major problem in terrorism phenomenon.
Specialized in victimology, Leila Nemati is a lawyer with an MA in criminal law and criminology. Her paper to the 1st National Congress of 17000 Iranian Terror Victims won the second place among 287 other papers. Following is a brief interview of Habilian Association with Ms. Nemati:
Is victimology a branch of criminology? Or you just studied victimology because you were interested in it?
Victimology is indeed a branch of criminology. Criminology has been established approximately since the 18th century and about 100 years has passed since the establishment of victimology.
What was the title of your article to the 1st National Congress of 17000 Iranian Terror Victims?
"Reasons behind International Organizations Inefficiency in Countering Terrorism, with an Emphasis on the UN". Although many positive measures such as issuing resolutions and statements and establishment of various commissions by regional assemblies have been taken, I divided the reasons of this inefficiency into two natural and structural approaches. In the structural approach, what matters is the unbalanced structure of the UN after VETO's recognition. In natural approach, it is about UN's negligence towards some terrorist crimes in the world i.e. Israel's terrorist actions. We could also name the UN's support of United State's one sided approach towards terrorism and its negligence in countering terrorism conducted against Iran. Terror is a legal concept and an international crime. So in order to enforce a measure of countering an international crime, some requirements are necessary and as a common house, the United Nations can take measures to control the terrorism phenomenon. Replacement of legal actions by political measures is another problem about terrorism phenomenon. That is why a terrorist group like Mujahedin-e Khalq organization is removed from the list of terrorist organizations.
What could be done to get our country's jurists to use their knowledge specifically in the field of terrorism? Shall we just define various projects in universities or could there be any practical actions too?
The first step is to provoke jurists into sorting out their priorities over research projects on terrorism and other existing necessities. The thesis with such subjects must be top priorities of governmental organizations for support. Organizations such as Judiciary system and Foreign Ministry could take useful steps in this regard.