A Fake Letter that Put the Lives at Stake

Since mid-2004, a group of separatists who had fled abroad such as the National Resistance Front of Arab People of Ahwaz created a program called Al-Ahwaz and broadcast it through the Bayn al-Naḥrayn satellite channel. They implemented various propaganda techniques to propose the issue of separation of Khuzestan from Iran and also to provoke ethnic differences in order to incite Arab people of this region to make separatist movements.

Under a pre-designed scenario, the separatist activists abroad widely distributed a fake letter attributed to the office of the president among Arab regions of Ahwaz and other Arab cities of the province, including Mahshahr, Susangard, Abadan, Shadegan and Khorramshahr at the end of 2004.

The content of this fake letter implied that the Islamic Republic of Iran was seeking to change the demographic makeup of Khuzestan and disperse Arabs throughout the country. This propaganda caused violent unrest in the province.

In their websites, satellite channels or through sending couriers inside the country, the separatist groups abroad caused insecurity in the province of Khuzestan by directly and publicly encouraging people to continue and spread the riots. These groups include the  Ahwazi Democratic Popular Front led by Mahmoud Mazrae (aka Abu Bashar), the Democratic Solidarity Party of Al-Ahwaz led by Mansour Silavi (aka Mansour Ahwazi), the Nehzat Al-Ahwaziyah Party led by Seyed Ayoub Mousavi (aka Seyyed Sabah Mousavi), the Ahwazi National Council led by Seyyed Hashem Nemati Taleghani (aka Seyyed Taher Ale-Nemeh), Ahwazi Organization for the Liberation of Ahwaz led by Faleh Nikouseresht, and the Arab Struggle Movement for the Liberation of Ahwaz led by Habib Nabgan.

In the consequent riots, more than 35 members of police and Basij forces were injured and substantial damages amounting to tens of billions of tomans were inflicted on public and private sites. For instance, over 80 buildings, facilities, state-owned banks and government and personal vehicles were damaged or destroyed.

The separatist groups incited the people in the region to violence and expanded the riots to the cities of Mahshahr, Susangerd and Khorramshahr.

The law enforcement officers of Khuzestan Province were able to curb these riots within a few days. The separatist elements, next, turned to terrorist and underground activities. On June 12, 2005, Muhyiddin Al Nasser Brigades, the armed wing of Arab Struggle Movement for the Liberation of Ahwaz, bombed 3 government buildings: Governor's Office, Management and Planning Organization, and Housing and Urban Development Organization. In addition, the house of the deputy of Khuzestan province broadcasting was bombed. A total of 7 citizens were murdered, 96 were injured, and public and private buildings were considerably damaged in these attacks.

On September 1, 2005, oil well No. 149 and two oil pipelines in the Farhangian region of Ahwaz exploded which caused more than 10 billion tomans of financial damage. Following this attack, on October 15, 2005, two bombs were detonated in Salman Farsi street of Ahwaz killing 7 civilians and injuring 90 others. A number of vehicles, shops, and buildings also sustained superficial damages. Afterwards, Mofakkerat-ol Islamiyah website published a statement by Seyed Ayoub Mousavi (aka Seyed Sabah), the leader of Nehzat Al-Ahwaziyah Party, in which he took credit for June 12, 2005 bombing in Ahwaz.

On February 25, 2006, Saman Bank of Ahwaz and the Department of Natural Resources of Khuzestan Province were targeted and bombed leaving 7 citizens dead and 45 injured. The separatist group which was determined to assassinate innocent people and fight against the Islamic Republic of Iran, bombed the governorates of Abadan and Dezful on February 27, 2006 injuring several people. Since April 15, 2005, the separatist movements abroad have been claiming responsibility for these riots and bombings in statements, announcements, interviews, etc.  and have been emphasizing that they will continue to do so until achieving their ultimate goal i.e., the separation and independence of Khuzestan. On the other hand, they have been making baseless complaints and presenting false reports to international human rights organizations about how the Islamic Republic of Iran treats Arabs while aiming at seeking asylum and citizenship from countries such as Canada, the Netherlands, the United States, Sweden, Kuwait and other European countries.